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  Key words phrases

  1. leadership : n 领导。同根词:lead: v 领导、通向;lead to sth; leader: n

  2. attach : v 系、附加、使喜爱,迷恋,同根词:attached: a 固定的、依恋的。词组:be attached to sb/sth; attach importance to sth认为…很重要;attachment: n

  1). You have to attach a label to a box while posting it.

  2). We should attach primary importance to a firm correct political orientation.

  3). He is strongly attached to his home.

  3. possession: n 拥有,possess: v

  4. satisfaction : n 满意、满足;同根词:satisfy: v 使…满足;satisfying: a 令人满意的;satisfied: 对…感到满意的;satisfactory: a 满意的(表语)

  1). To the _____ of everyone, the director relaxed his threatening attitude.

  2). The customer seemed to be _____.

  3). The child's intelligence is ____ for his age.

  4). Socialism is to fully _____ the material spiritual needs of the people.

  5). The opened pupil is usually associated with pleasant _____ experiences.

  Answers: satisfaction, satisfied, satisfactory, satisfy, satisfying

  5. relaxation : n 松弛、放松;同根词:relax: v 使人放松;relaxing: a; relaxed: a

  6. desirable: a 称心的、理想的、合意的,同根词:desire: v/n 渴望,想要;desirability: n 可取之处、优点

  1). Nobody doubts the ____ of good health.

  2). His ____ were not great. A peaceful life was what he wanted.

  3). Some reasonable adjustments seem ______.

  Answers: desirability, desire (n), desirable

  7. occupation: n 占领、占有、职业,同根词:occupy: v 占有;occupied: a 被占领的;不空闲的;occupant: n 房屋居住者

  1). Much of the territory is still under enemy _____.

  2). He ____ an important position in the government.

  3). The ___ will not pay rent must be forced to move out.

  4). Curing the sick is the doctor's ______.

  Answers: occupation; occupies; occupant; occupation

  8. recognition: n 认出、承认;同根词:recognize: v; recognized: a 公认的,经过证明的;recognizable: a 可以认出的

  1). The dead woman's face had been beaten out of all ____ shape.

  2). The city has changed beyond ____.

  3). He was so much changed that I could hardly ____ him.

  Answers: recognizable; recognition; recognize

  9. positive: a 肯定的、积极的、正的,反义词:negative

  10. relevant: a 贴切的、与…有关的,be relevant to sth; 反义词:irrelevant

  11. be concerned with sth关心,关切,忙于…

  1). I am concerned with my work every day.

  2). We are increasingly concerned with the quality o flife.

  12. take to sth/doing sth开始从事…;养成…习惯;培养对…的爱好

  1). He took to gardening in his retirement.

  2). He took to smoking in his fourth year at college.

  3). My father has taken to playing golf at the weekends.

  13. put sth to use使用、利用

  Time is precious should be put to full use.

  14. be relevant to:与…有关的

  What you said is not relevant to the theme.

  15. on the part of sb/on sb's part就…而言,在…方面

  It was an error on the part of the manager.

  Analyze the difficult sentences:

  1. The importance people attach to paid holidays the rapid development of services for mass entertainment recreation are signs of this increasing concern. (P1)

  翻译:人们对带薪休假的重视和大众娱乐服务的迅速发展标志着人们对这一问题的日益关心。

  分析:该句主语很长,分成两部分:The importance people attach to paid holidays和the rapid development of services for mass entertainment recreation,后面是一个系表结构。另外,people attach to paid holidays是定语从句,修饰the importance.

  Concern: n 关心,关注。

  2. Generally speaking, the quality of life, especially as seen by the individual, is meaningful in terms of the degree to which these various areas of life are available or provide satisfaction to the individual. (P2)

  翻译:一般来说,生活质量,特别是个人眼中的生活质量,它的意义是根据个人能够享受上述各种生活领域和个人能够得到满足的程度来衡量的。

  分析:主语:the quality of life,is meaningful是谓语部分;especially as seen by the individual是定语从句,其中关系代词as做主语,谓语中省去了is,另外,to which these various areas of life are available or provide satisfaction to the individual

  又是定语从句修饰the degree. 词组:in terms of按照、根据、在…方面,如:

  Consider it in terms of an investment.

  to…degree到…程度

  The number of terrorist attacks ahs increased to a frightening degree.

  3. As activity carried out as one thinks fit during one's spare time, leisure has the following functions: relaxation, recreation entertainment, personal development. (P3)

  翻译:作为空闲时进行的自认为适当的活动,休闲具有下列功能:放松、娱乐、个人发展。

  分析:句中第一个as是介词,“作为”,carried out as one thinks fit during one's spare time是过去分词短语做后置定语,修饰activity,其中的as是连词,引导方式状语从句。最后那部分才是主句。词组:carry out:完成、实现、贯彻

  Don't blame me. I'm only carrying out the orders.

  4. The specific use of leisure varies from individual to individual. (P4)

  翻译:对休闲的具体利用因人而异。

  分析:该句中有一个常考搭:vary from …to …因…而异。

  The price of vegetables varied from season from season.

  5. Since leisure is basically self-determined, one is able to take to one's interests preferences get involved in an activity in ways that will bring enjoyment satisfaction. (P6)

  翻译:由于休闲基本上是由自己决定的,个人就可以培养自己的兴趣和爱好,并以能为自己带来享受和满足的方式从事某种活动。

  分析:since引导的是原因状语从句。重要词、词组:preference: n 偏爱,动词:prefer; 形容词:preferable; get involved in sth参与,从事…活动。

  6. Basically, such attitudes amount to a recognition that leisure is an important area of life a belief that leisure can should be put to good use. (P7)

  翻译:基本上说,上述态度等于承认休闲是生活的一个重要方面和相信休闲应该得到很好利用。

  分析:这句话的重要知识点在于:两个that从句都是同位语从句,分别具体解释抽象名词:recognition和belief. 另外,注意词组:amount to 等于,相当于,如:This amounts to a refusal.

  7. Hence, it can be argued that the people with whom we come into contact in these various contexts are all likely to have exerted some influence in shaping our attitudes, interests even skills relevant to how we handle leisure. (P8)

  翻译:因此,可以认为,我们杂不同的环境中接触的人都可能在形成我们的态度、兴趣,甚至如何处理闲暇时间等技巧方面产生影响。

  分析:这句话的主体结构:it can be argued that…;it是形式主语,that从句是真正主语;其中the people是主语,with whom we come into contact in these various contexts是定语,shaping后面接着三个并列宾语:our attitudes, interests even skills。而relevant to how we handle leisure是形容词短语做后置定语。词组:come into contact with sb接触某人;

  8. Parents, teachers in schools, work associates communicators in or using the mass media are all capable of arousing our potential interests. (P9)

  翻译:父母,学校的老师、工作中的同事、从事或使用大众媒体的传播工作者都能唤起我们的潜在兴趣。

  分析:Parents, teachers in schools, work associates communicators是句子主语;in or using the mass media 是定语部分,修饰communicators 。 be capable of能够做某事;arouse: v 引起、唤醒,辨析:arise: v 出现、显现;rise: v 升起,涨起;raise: v 举起,抚养、饲养。

  9. For example, the degree to which the ways in which a school encourages participation in games, sports cultural pursuits are likely to contribute to the shaping of leisure attitudes on the part of the students. (P9)

  翻译:例如,学校鼓励参加游戏、运动和文化活动的程度和方式可能有助于形成学生对休闲的态度。

  分析:该句的中心词是the degree和the ways,其后各接一个由which引导的定语从句,来自于词组:to the degree; in the ways. 词组:be likely to do sth有可能做某事;contribute to sth为…做贡献。

  10. Schools usually set as their educational objective the attainments of a balanced development of the person. (P10)

  翻译:学校常常把实现个人均衡发展作为它们的教育目标。

  分析:句中set的宾语是the attainments of a balanced development of the person,宾补:as their educational objective。因为宾语太长,因此颠倒位置,为了避免头重脚轻。

  11. The more seriously this is sought, the more likely positive attitudes towards leisure as well as academic work will be encouraged. (P10)

  翻译:对此追求得越认真,就越有可能鼓励人们对待休闲和学业持积极态度。

  分析:该句的核心考点:the + 比较级,the +比较级,越…就越…。

  The more, the better.

  The more words you have, the easier you study English.


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